The visualization on the right shows global alcohol consumption (liter of pure
alcohol) per person in 2016. The average consumption globally is 6.4 liters, as marked
in Chart 1.
Why some contries have high consumption rate while others are remarkably low? What's the commonalities among the countries?
Hover the country tabs below and observe on the map.
We have included different categories for you to explore. The change will be
in the map and the bar charts.
Hover Me to Learn More.
From Chart 2, ranked by heavy drinking and never drink, we can learn that for religious reasons, Middle Eastern countries like Iran, North African countries like Libya, and South East Asian countries like Indonesia have remarkably low consumption rate. Wet drinking culture (alcohol is integrated in life) countries have high intake rate, such as Germany, Ireland, and France.
What does the alcohol consumption trend look like over the years? Does it go up or
or different countries have different trend?
In the coordinates on the left, the line represents the trend for the US from 1960 to 1980.
Draw the rest of the US's consumption trend to your estimate! When you are ready, click "Show Actual".
• Improve feelings in social occasions:
Alcohol triggers the release of endorphins - chemicals that produces feelings of pleasure, so drinking can make social situation more lively and fun.
• Peer pressure & Social Norms:
Alcohol is used at specific events and regular times and the consumption is often a behavioral expectation. Peer pressure is one of the most prominent reasons. Read More
• Stress relieve:
Alcohol is a sedative and a depressant that affects the central nervous system. It can reduce fears and take people's mind off of your troubles.
• Coping with negative emotions:
Alcohol can help alleviate negative feelings for certain people, especially people who are experiencing aversive psychological symptoms.
• Culture, Religion, Family History:
Those factors can directly linking to if the person drinks alcohol. Many Muslims consider alcohol "haram" (sinful) so Muslim-majority countries tend to have lower consumption rate. Spending time around people who drink heavily or abuse alcohol can influence people to do the same.
• Financial and Work Status:
Financial factors such as taxation makes drinking less attractive.
• Change of Environment:
Moving, change of job, or any change of environment can lead to drinking which can help the person feel more in control. Read More
• Accessibility of Alcohol:
People tend to buy more alcohol when there's a higher accessibility.
The impact on physical and mental health attributed to alcohol can be significant. The visualization shows the health conditions attributed to alcohol. The bar represents the corresponding death number caused by alcohol for that condition per 1,000,000 people, and highlights the top deaths.
We can see multiple organs can be damaged by alcohol intake, and it can eventually lead to the development of cancer. In addition, alcohol could lead to injuries, accidents, and suicide due to its mood-altering effect.
By calculating using "Alcohol-attributable fraction" and the number of total death
per 1,000,000 people
from Alcohol-Related Disease Impact, we created this ranking chart on the left.
Arrhythmia or supraventricular cardiac dysrrhythmia has the highest death number resulted from alcohol. Additionally, traffic crash, homicide and suicide are high on the rank as well.
Alcohol use is ranked 8th among the 33 the risk factors that cause the most premature death worldwide. On average about 4.37% of the premature deaths has been caused by alcohol use in this region, causing more than 2.8 million premature death every year.
Selected from various news report and online obituary, each white cross represents a victim.
The faded crosses commemorate the countless other victims other than the ones whose stories are presented here.
Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD) or commonly known as Alcoholism,
is a chronic relapsing brain disorder characterized by an impaired ability to stop
or control alcohol use despite adverse social, occupational, or health consequences.
If the grid on the left represents the U.S.A. alcohol consumption in 2018 . . .
About 26.5% of adults in the US suffer from binged alcohol use, 6.6% of adults in the US suffer from heavy alcohol use, and 5.8% of adults in the US suffer from alcohol use disorder.
Alcohol Abuse Breakdown:
No indication of alcohol abuse
Binged Alcohol Use
Heavy Alcohol Use
Alcohol Use Disorder
Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD) affects people of all ages. Working-age adults more predominantly report having AUD.
Age Mapping within Alcohol Use Disorder Population
Men tend to suffer disproportionately from AUD. According to researchers at Harvard Medical School, men are more susceptible to addiction. They are more likely to abuse substances due to peer pressure. However, women are more likely to go to the emergency room or fatally overdose due to substance abuse. [link].
Gender Identity within Alcohol Use Disorder Population
Only around 16% of people from the surveyed population diagnosed with AUD received any form of specialized treatment for AUD. Possibly, those who suffer from the disorder do not know how or where to get treatment. Moreover, they might not want to be associated with the negative stigma of having the disorder.
Received Treatment within Alcohol Use Disorder Population
Did not receive treatment
You can help!
According to the survey, 60.6% of people who sought AUD treatment chose
as their avenue for treatment.
Treatment via self-help groups tends to be more economical than other forms of treatment. This finding is encouraging since we can help our loved ones through their recovery journey by providing support, a sense of community and belonging, and empathy! [link]
Avenue for Treatment within AUD Treated Population
We will now explore mental health disorders as a risk factor for alcohol dependency
The values in this chart represents an increased risk of developing alcohol
dependency or abuse in individuals
with a given mental health disorder relative to those without.
For example, a value of 3.2 for PTSD, would indicate that individuals with PTSD are 3.2 times as likely to develop alcohol dependency relative to those without.
Research shows that preventions is just as important, if not more important, than treatment.
Thus, if you know someone who currently have any of these mental health disorder, be on the look out for any development of AUD!
Hover over each mental health disorder to learn more.
Many people have experienced the damage caused by alcohol and sought ways to recover and rehabilitate.
Professional health care is often in a better position to accurately diagnose the problem, design treatment plans and refer you to the right mental health professionals.
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Harvard Graduate School of Design
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